A Review of the Doctrine of the Trinity
Q5. What is God?
A5. God is a Spirit, infinite, eternal, and unchangeable, in His being, wisdom, power,
holiness, justice, goodness, and truth.
Q6. Are there more Gods than one?
A6. There is but one only, the living and true God.
Q7. How many persons are there in the Godhead?
A7. There are three persons in the Godhead: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and
these three are one God, the same in substance [essence], equal in power and glory.
1689 London Baptist Confession, Chapter 2, Paragraph 3:
In this divine and infinite Being there are three subsistences, the Father, the Word (or Son), and the Holy Spirit, of one substance, power, and eternity, each having the whole divine essence, yet the essence undivided: the Father is of none, neither begotten nor proceeding; the Son is eternally begotten of the Father; the Holy Spirit proceeding from the Father and the Son; all infinite, without beginning, therefore but one God, who is not to be divided in nature and being, but distinguished by several peculiar, relative properties and personal relations; which doctrine of the Trinity is the foundation of all our communion with God, and comfortable dependence on him.
1. There is only one God, the living and true God.
2. There are three persons in the Godhead: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
3. These three are one God, the same in essence, equal in power and glory.
4. The Father is of none, neither begotten nor proceeding.
5. The personality of the Son is eternally begotten of the Father.
6. The personality of the Holy Spirit proceeds eternally from both the Father and the Son.
7. Subordination of essence in the Godhead is denied, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit being equal.
8. Subordination of persons in the Godhead is affirmed, the Son submitting to the Father and the Holy Spirit submitting to both with respect to role and hierarchy.
9. The hierarchical order in the Godhead of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit is permanent.
10. Each person in the Godhead works on our behalf to bring us through this life and into the life to come.